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Will pension tinkering push young savers into Lifetime ISAs?

4 weeks ago

In his March budget, Chancellor Rishi Sunak was thankfully short on surprises when it came to pensions.

However, they didn’t escape scot free as the Chancellor announced a freeze on the lifetime allowance for the next five years. (For the last three years, it’s risen in line with CPI inflation.)

Perhaps with years of tinkering still fresh in the mind – the lifetime allowance has never stayed the same for more than two years at a time – some commentators described this latest move as a bizarre disincentive and the wrong message to savers.

Could the millennial generation therefore perceive the Lifetime ISA (LISA) to be a more stable product and a better home for surplus funds?

Given that the Government bonus on a LISA works out the same as basic rate tax relief on a pension contribution, the upfront incentives work out the same. Withdrawals from a LISA are tax-free, whereas withdrawals from a pension aren’t (albeit there’s a 25% tax-free lump sum).

And there are certainly some who believe a LISA could produce better outcomes for this cohort than a pension.

Yet to catch fire?

Anecdotally, however, it feels like the LISA has yet to catch fire with the general public thus far, perhaps due to its dual nature. (Is it for first-time buyers? Is it for retirement savings?)

And statistically too, the numbers are slightly lower than expected.

In its Impact Assessment, HM Treasury estimated there would be over 200,000 LISA savers in 2017/18, saving on average £3,500.

According to HMRC’s statistics, however, there were only 154,000 savers in that period, putting away on average £3,156.

That said, the total inflows over the first two years breached the £1 billion mark, which is a not-insignificant milestone.

Tinkering

Of course there’s nothing to stop HM Treasury tinkering with the ISA rules like it does with the pension rules.

However, it’s worth noting that the subscription allowances for ISAs and JISAs have only gone in one direction – and that’s up.

We’ve also seen rule changes that have broadened the general ISA proposition – for example, one-off subscription increases for spouses of deceased account holders, and the ability to transfer a child trust fund into a junior ISA.

So it’s certainly possible to perceive the ISA as the tax wrapper with more momentum behind it from a policy perspective.

Product of choice?

When the next batch of ISA stats emerges later this year, it will be interesting reading.

There may be enough savers in the UK who have seen their salaries stay level but their outgoings decrease to mean the overall ISA numbers remain fairly robust.

LISA inflows, however, could well be down given that millennials are generally in a more precarious position financially than other generations.

But when we emerge from lockdown conditions, and younger savers are back in a position to start putting away surplus funds, it’s entirely possible that the LISA will be the wrapper they go to first.

This article was previously published by Retirement Planner

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Martin Jones
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Martin Jones

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Technical Team Leader

After completing his postgraduate studies at Lancaster University, Martin spent two years working for a leading insurance company before joining AJ Bell in April 2007. Martin worked initially on the AJ Bell Investcentre product before moving to a technical role in 2009. His main focus is providing technical support to the various teams and departments within the business. He is also involved in delivering training to staff on the rules and regulations that affect our customers.

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